With pre-emptive measures in place, 436 families were evacuated from ChildFund-supported communities in Luna and Flora in preparation for Typhoon Mangkhut.

These families were relocated to evacuation centres where ChildFund and partner organisations are providing food packs and other essentials.

ChildFund Philippines’ country office closely monitored the development of the typhoon as it approached landfall, and worked closely with local partner organisations to prepare for its arrival.

A team from ChildFund Philippines is travelling to the area to assess the needs of children and families affected by the storm.

If needed, ChildFund will deploy emergency response teams to provide food, clean water and child-centred spaces for children.

Typhoon Mangkhut has caused significant damage and destruction on the Philippines’ largest island Luzon. Wind speeds were reportedly up to 285 kilometres an hour.

The typhoon was called the world’s strongest storm this year, and has already displaced more than 58,000 families across the Philippines.

We will update you when we know more about the impact on children, families and communities in the Philippines.

It is deeply unjust that in a country just 160 kilometres off Australia’s coastline, women and their babies lose their lives during childbirth, in terrible conditions and from causes that are completely preventable.

Yet this is the daily reality in Papua New Guinea (PNG), particularly for the 85 per cent of the population that live in rural and remote areas.

No woman should die giving life. Nor should any woman see the child she has carried for nine months pass away because she could not get the help she needed while giving birth.

The conditions in which women in PNG give birth would shock many Australians. Rural health clinics, where they exist, are rudimentary and lack even the most basic equipment.

Staff are often under-trained, and few in number – unable to cope with the vast health needs of impoverished communities. Doctors are in scarce supply. For many women in Central Province, where ChildFund works, the closest doctor is a four-hour drive away.

Due to this dire lack in health infrastructure, most women have no choice but to give birth at home, and rely on traditional birth attendants to assist them.

The latter are without resources, and use whatever tools they have available. These may include sharpened bamboo to cut the umbilical cord, a used produce sack for the mother to lie on, and plastic bags instead of gloves.